Islamic New Year also known as Arabic New Year or Hijri New Year – marks the day of a new Hijri year. The first day of the Islamic year is observed by Muslims on the first day of the month Muharram – one of the most important months for Muslims. Muharram is considered to be a holy month.
The reference date of the Islamic era is 622 CE – the year of the emigration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina – Hijra. All religious duties within Islam, like Ramadan, pilgrimage, prayer and other significant dates, are calculated according to the Islamic calendar.
Muharram is observed differently by Sunni and Shia Muslims. For Sunni Muslims this month symbolises the start of the new year as well as symbolising peace and reflection. For Shia Muslims this month represents a solemn, reflective day in Islamic history.
Muharram is an important and holy month for all Muslims – many fast, give prayers and spend time in the Mosque.